10 Leadership Styles

Casey Fenton

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December 7, 2023

Without proper leadership, no startup can thrive, no matter how big or small. The key to being a good leader is versatility and the ability to adapt your style to any situation. Let’s take a look at different transformational leadership style, as well as how these possibly impact the workplace.

What Is A Leadership Style? 

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to determining what makes a transformational leader. However, in certain circumstances, several leadership methods have been proven to be successful.

A leader's impact style is their go-to strategy and often mirrors their personality traits. For example, a coaching leader is quicker to make decisions while others prefer to reach a group consensus.

An approach to leadership is frequently affected by their experiences, values, and beliefs. In addition, the leader's impact style may be influenced by the situational context in which they operate.

For example, a leader in the midst of guiding their team through a crisis will likely adopt a different leadership style than one who is at the helm of a stable and prosperous organization. The easiest method to ascertain which leadership style works best is to experiment with various approaches while learning from successes and failures.‍

A female boss looking confident with her team of employees in the background, suggesting that she has the ideal leadership style to keep everyone satisfied and productive.

Are you the right leader for your team? Assessing your own leadership style will help improve your company's bottom line while similarly improving employees' performance.

Why Are Leadership Styles Important In The Workplace?

It's no secret that leadership styles are important in the workplace. After all, the leadership style of a manager can have a profound impact on employee morale, motivation levels, job satisfaction, and even productivity. 

But what exactly is a leadership style? And why is it so important?

A leadership style is simply the way that a leader chooses to interact with and motivate employees. There are many different styles, but some of the most popular include authoritarian, democratic, and laissez faire leadership style.

The types of leadership styles have their strengths and weaknesses, and it's important for transformational leaders to choose the right style depending on the situation. For example, an authoritarian leadership style may be necessary in a high-pressure environment where quick decisions need to be made. 

However, this same style could stifle creativity and innovation in a more relaxed work setting. 

The bottom line is that leadership styles are important because they can have a significant impact on employee behavior. By understanding the different leadership styles and choosing the right one for each situation, managers can create a positive and productive work environment for their employees.

Here are 10 leadership styles for startups. Which one do you need to lead your team to success?

1. Authoritarian Leadership Style

An authoritarian leader has complete control and decision-making power. A team leader who uses this authoritarian leadership uses their authority to demand absolute obedience from their subordinates. This style can be effective in times of crisis or when quick decisions need to be made. However, it can also lead to a lack of creativity and innovation.

2. Democratic Leadership Style

Decisions are made democratically by the leader and team member. This encourages input from everyone on the team and helps build buy-in for decisions. However, it can also lead to indecision if there is too much back-and-forth between the leader and team member.

What are the strengths of a democratic leadership style?

This leadership encourages everyone in the team to participate, share their ideas, and provide feedback. This increases engagement and motivation, as everyone feels they have a stake in the decision-making process and that their opinions are valued.

Since democratic leadership involves group participation, there are more diverse perspectives and ideas brought to the table. This can result in better decision-making, as multiple options are explored and evaluated.

Democratic leadership also encourages team members to think outside the box and come up with new and innovative ideas. This leads to higher levels of creativity and innovation within the team.

Additionally, the democratic leadership style values open communication, which fosters trust and respect among team members. This creates a positive work environment where everyone feels comfortable sharing their thoughts and ideas.

Finally, the collaborative nature of democratic leadership fosters a sense of teamwork and collaboration among team members. This leads to higher levels of cooperation, support, and productivity within the team.

What are the weaknesses of democratic leadership?

Because democratic leadership values participation and collaboration, it can sometimes take longer to make decisions than with other styles of leadership. This can be a disadvantage when quick decisions are needed.

When everyone's opinions and ideas are valued, conflicts can arise when team members disagree on how to proceed. A democratic leader needs to be skilled in managing conflicts and finding a solution that works for everyone.

In some cases, democratic leadership can result in unbalanced participation, where some team members dominate the discussion while others remain quiet. This can lead to the marginalization of some team members and may impact the quality of decision-making.

In a democratic leadership style, decisions are made through group consensus. While this can be a strength, it can also lead to a lack of accountability and responsibility, as team members may feel less ownership over the decision since it was made by the group.

With democratic leadership, there can be a tendency to get sidetracked by discussions and debates, which can make it difficult to maintain focus on the main goal. This can result in a lack of direction and a failure to achieve the desired outcome.

3. Transformational Leadership Style 

The leader inspires and motivates team members to achieve more than they thought possible. This style can lead to high levels of engagement and commitment from team members. 

However, it can also be exhausting for the leader and team members if there is not enough downtime or recovery time built into the schedule.

4. Servant Leadership Style

The leader puts the needs of the team above their own and serves as a resource for team members, building trust and respect between the leader and team. However, it can also lead to the leader being taken advantage of or burned out if they are not careful.

5. Coaching Leadership Style

The leader provides guidance and support to help team members reach their goals. This style helps develop individual skills and abilities within the team. However, if they aren’t careful, it can also lead to the leader being perceived as weak.

What are the strengths of the coaching leadership style?

The coaching leadership style focuses on employee development, helping team members to identify their strengths and weaknesses and work on improving their skills. This can lead to better performance, increased job satisfaction, and higher levels of employee retention.

Coaching leadership emphasizes positive reinforcement and feedback, which can increase motivation and job satisfaction among team members. When employees feel valued and supported, they are more likely to be engaged and committed to their work.

The coaching leadership style emphasizes open communication and collaboration, which can improve communication and build trust among team members. When team members feel comfortable sharing their thoughts and ideas, it can lead to better problem-solving and decision-making.

When employees receive guidance and support from their coaching leaders, they are more likely to be productive and efficient in their work. Coaching leadership can help employees to set goals and work towards achieving them, which can lead to higher levels of productivity.

Coaching leadership encourages employees to take ownership of their work and take responsibility for their own development. This can lead to higher levels of employee engagement and a stronger sense of commitment to the organization.

What are the weaknesses of the coaching leadership style?

The coaching leadership style can be time-consuming as it involves providing individualized feedback, guidance, and support to team members. This can be a disadvantage when quick decisions or actions are needed.

Coaching leadership can be challenging when a leader needs to make a difficult decision or enforce a policy that team members may not agree with. The coaching leadership style emphasizes collaboration and support, which may limit a leader's authority to make tough decisions.

Coaching leadership can create a dependency on the leader as the sole source of guidance and support for team members. This can create a bottleneck in decision-making and limit the team's ability to function effectively when the leader is not available.

Coaching leadership can be a costly approach as it requires significant time and resources to train leaders in coaching skills and provide ongoing support and feedback to team members.

The coaching leadership style relies on a leader's personal biases and beliefs about what constitutes effective coaching. This can result in inconsistencies in coaching approaches and may limit the team's ability to develop a shared understanding of what effective coaching looks like.

6. Laissez faire Leadership Style 

Also called the “hands-off leadership” style, the leader takes a hands-off approach and allows team members to work independently. This style can be effective when team members are highly skilled and motivated. However, it can also lead to a lack of direction or accountability if they aren’t.

7. Situational Leadership Style

The leader adapts their style to the specific situation and needs of the team. This style is flexible and can be effective in a variety of different cases. However, maintaining consistency can also be problematic if leaders constantly change their approach.

8. Visionary Leadership Style

The leader has a clear vision for the future and sets ambitious goals for the team. This style can be inspiring and motivating for team members. However, it can also lead to frustration if the team cannot meet the leader's expectations.

9. Collaborative Leadership Style 

The leader works closely with team members to make decisions and solve problems. This style builds trust and cooperation. However, it can also lead to conflict if team members have different ideas or opinions. 

10. Autocratic Leadership Style

Autocratic leadership is when one person alone makes all decisions regarding an organization without consulting anyone else first. This type of leader focuses less on getting input from those they lead and more on making executive decisions that must be followed.

What are the strengths of autocratic leadership?

Several studies have shown that authoritarian leadership styles can have a positive effect on workgroup performance, especially in situations where the rewards are low, failure does not have high costs, and the group size is large. Authoritarian leadership best works in workgroups that have low levels of team power struggles and high participation. 

Another strength of this leadership style is that all the pressure is on the leader and the followers actually have lower amounts of stress because they have a clear set of expectations. As the leader focuses more on making complex decisions and directing the team members toward goals and objectives, subordinates can focus more on their specialized roles and responsibilities. Autocratic leaders work best with teams that have little experience as they can guide inexperienced followers with their competency or expertise. 

What are the weaknesses of the autocratic leadership style?

Most people would equate the autocratic leadership style with negative outcomes as it is not suitable for use in situations wherein strong collaboration is needed. An example of such a situation would be trying to find solutions to problems or when the team needs to come up with ideas for creative purposes. Not all autocratic leaders are infallible when coming up with the best decisions, and they may even have the inability to make informed decisions. 

The creation and promotion of a culture of dependence also translate to the disadvantages of authoritarian leadership. In case a follower encounters a circumstance that requires prompt decision-making, he or she needs to go to the leader for advice. What this suggests is that the leader must be available at all times.

Nothing will get done if the leader is not present for some reason. Furthermore, remember that a leader can never be perfect with regard to his or her decisions or course of action. Depending on a single decision-maker can put a group or organization at risk of failing to accomplish their tasks or meet their goals and objectives.

How Can You Determine Your Leadership Style?

A red paper boat leading four other paper boats, depicting a good leadership style in the company.

A good leadership style is one that doesn't merely command but guides everyone to their goal destination.

There are many approaches to leadership, and it can be helpful to understand your own style so that you can adapt your strategies as needed. One way to determine your style is to ask yourself how you prefer to receive instructions and information.

Do you prefer clear and concise instructions, or to be given more information so that you can make your own decisions? Consider also how you like to work with others.

Are you the leader who likes to delegate tasks, or do you prefer to do more of the work yourself? Understanding your preferences can help you adapt your leadership style to better suit the situation.

Additionally, growing your leadership skills can help you be more effective in any role. Remember that there is no "right" way to lead, and what works for one person may not work for another.

The most important thing is to be aware of your own strengths and weaknesses so that you can adjust your approach as needed.

What Are Some Tips For Developing Or Improving Your Current Leadership Style?

Some general strategies can help you develop or improve your current leadership style if you think it needs some tweaking.

One important aspect of effective leadership is inspiring and motivating others to achieve common goals. This requires strong communication and interpersonal skills and a clear vision of what you're trying to achieve.

It's also important to be able to make decisions while always taking into account the needs of those you're leading. Finally, adapting your leadership style to different situations and people is essential.

By being flexible and adaptable, you'll be better equipped to handle whatever challenges come your way. By following these tips, you can develop the skills and attributes necessary to become an effective leader.

How Do Other People Perceive Your Current Leadership Style?

If you're curious about how others perceive your leadership style, there's no better way to find out than to ask. Solicit feedback from those familiar with your work.

Be open to receiving suggestions for improvement and be willing to adapt your leadership management style. Developing your skills is ongoing, so seek opportunities to grow and improve. There are many effective ways to develop leadership skills, such as taking on new challenges, studying leadership theory, and attending leadership development programs.

By soliciting feedback and being open to change, you'll ensure that your style is always practical and aligned with your goals.

How Can You Work On Adapting Your Leadership Style To The Situation?

This way, you can adapt your leadership style to better fit the specific situation or group of people you are working with and become more effective.

Once you have determined your own leadership style, you can begin to work on developing or improving it.

You can also examine how others perceive your current leadership style and look for ways to adapt it to work best for everyone involved. 

How Equity Can Impact Your Leadership Legacy

Equity solutions can help a company's leadership leave a lasting impact on its organization. By providing equity and ownership opportunities to employees, a company can create a culture of shared responsibility and collaboration. This can lead to higher levels of employee engagement, increased productivity, and a stronger sense of commitment to the organization.

Equity solutions can also help to align the interests of employees with those of the company's leadership, creating a shared sense of purpose and mission. When employees have a stake in the company's success, they are more likely to be invested in its long-term growth and sustainability.

Overall, equity solutions can help a company's leadership create a legacy of shared ownership, collaboration, and commitment to the organization's success. By providing equity opportunities to employees, a company can foster a culture of engagement and accountability that can have a lasting impact on its performance and reputation.

If you feel like equity is the missing ingredient in your leadership success, we at Upstock can help. Send us a message to hear from our equity experts to know more about how we streamline and centralize equity plan management that leaves a good impression on your leadership brand.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Casey Fenton

Founder, Upstock & Couchsurfing, AI and Equity Innovator

Casey Fenton, the founder of Upstock & Couchsurfing and an AI and equity innovator, has revolutionized how we perceive and implement equity in the workplace. His foresight in creating platforms that not only connect people but also align their interests towards communal and corporate prosperity has established him as a pivotal figure in technology and community building. Casey speaks worldwide on topics including ownership mindset, worker equity, With Upstock and Couchsurfing, he has demonstrated an unparalleled expertise in harnessing technology for the betterment of community interaction and organizational benefits.

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